STRAY DOGS SANCTUARY
Registered Charity 1079542
Congratulations on homing. or thinking of re-homing, a rescue dog. To help you especially if you are a first time owner, here is some general healthcare information which we hope you will find useful.
As we don’t normally have any vaccination history the Charity tries to re-vaccinate all dogs prior to adoption. To give full protection we give two vaccinations as for a puppy. In some instances you may have adopted your dog before this is completed so a further injection may be needed after you have taken your new pet home. Vaccinations cover Distemper (hardpad), Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza (a type of kennel cough) and Leptospirosis. A booster vaccination is required annually to keep your dog protected against these killer diseases. If you plan to put your dog into boarding kennels at holiday time you may also need a further vaccination - please check with your chosen kennels well in advance.
Worms cause weight loss, diarrhoea and blockage of the intestines. Roundworms also pose a potential risk to children, causing blindness. We recommend products from your vets as they are the most effective.
Products can vary in the dosage needed and some give extra protection against fleas and roundworms as well as tapeworms.
Fleas and Ticks
Due to central heating fleas are now a problem all year round. Most of the fleas which bite your dog will have come from eggs laid in your house. Effective flea control means preventing a build up of eggs as well as killing adult fleas on your dog.
Ticks are a problem in this area as they breed freely. Ticks and fleas are especially dangerous for puppies and for dogs which are already ill. Ticks around the eye area should be removed by a vet.
Again vets products are most effective at controlling fleas and ticks.
Our Charity asks you to get your dog neutered if not already done prior to adoption. Dogs which are neutered are less likely to suffer tumours in their reproductive organs when older. Male puppies whose testicles have not descended properly should be neutered as soon as practicable. It can also have a desirable effect on behaviour and bitches cannot suddenly be found to be pregnant! After neutering care should be taken to maintain a healthy body weight.
Dental Care and Diet
Dental disease affects 95% of dogs over 3 years old. Feeding soft food encourages the build-up of plaque and tartar. Take care over choosing a dried food as some use high levels of salt as a flavour enhancer, which can cause kidney and bladder problems. Large dogs often have specific dietary needs to reduce orthopaedic problems. Ask for help if you are not sure. Please feed puppies an appropriate diet to maintain proper development.
Vets are now able to provide treatments and investigations to give your pet the most up to date care. This can be expensive, especially for chronic problems, so we recommend taking out pet insurance, Some pedigree dogs have inherent problems so you should consider any potential expense carefully.
Third Party cover is also advisable.
Pet Insurance companies offer differing types of cover so compare policies to get the one most suited to your needs.
Legal Requirements and Loss
When your dog is out in public it is legally required to wear a collar and identity tag showing your name, address and telephone number. Collar, however, can be removed so we recommend that your pet is micro-chipped. Chips are inserted permanently under the skin and can be scanned by Dog Wardens and vets to give instant identification. Your pet will need to be micro-chipped if you apply for a pet passport.
If you lose your dog you should notify the Local Authority where it was lost so their Dog Warden can re-unite you quickly. There is usually a release fee and any kennel fees which may have been incurred. It is always worth notifying all wardens around your area in case your dog has wandered some distance. This is especially useful if your dog has been stolen. It is also worth enquiring at local vets in case the animal has been injured. Although the police are not responsible for stray and lost dogs sometimes the public who find strays have reported details to the local station.
Animal Welfare Act 2007
This Act is coming into force in stages. If you are unsure of how it may affect you or a dog which may be in trouble please ask your Local Authority for advice.
To give you and your new dog confidence in each other we recommend training classes. A well-trained dog is a happy dog! We can only give you as much information about a re-homed dog as we have been given and for strays we can only go by what we have observed whilst the dog is with us. We are, however, ready to talk about any problems you may be having and will do what we can to help with advice and training.